Covid-19 is respiratory disease caused by novel (new) coronavirus that was first detected in China and which has now been detected in more than 100 locations internationally, including the United States. The virus has been named “SARS-CoV-2” and the disease it causes has been named “coronavirus disease 2019” (abbreviated “COVID-19”)
On January 30, 2020 , the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee of the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a “public health emergency of international concern” (PHEIC). On January 31, 2020, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II declared a public health emergency (PHE) for the United States to aid the nation's healthcare community in responding to COVID-19.
Source and Spread of the Virus
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in people, many different species of animals , including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV, and now with this new virus (named SARS-CoV-2).
The SARS-CoV2 virus is a beta coronavirus, like MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV. All three of these viruses have their origins in bats. The sequence from U.S. patients are similar to the one that China initially posted, suggesting a likely single, recent emergence of this virus from an animal reservoir.
Early on, many of the patients at the epicenter of the outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China had some link to a large seafood and live animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. Later, a growing number of patients reportedly did not have exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread. Person-to-person spread was subsequently reported outside Hubei and in countries outside China, including in the United States. Some international destinations now have apparent community spread with the virus that caused COVID-19, as do some parts of the United States. Community spread means some people have been infected and it is not known how or where they have became exposed.
This policy outlines Holvik Family Health Center intent to minimize the exposure of the Employees and Patients to pandemic disease and to effectively respond to this threat should an incident occur.
1. Holvik Family Health Center is committed to providing staff, students , patients, volunteers and contractors with a safe working and learning environment that is free of health hazards, inclusive of pandemic diseases such as COVID-19.
2. Holvik Family Health Center assigns the highest priority to assessing, minimizing and managing the risk to the clinic, employees, patients, and community of being exposed to pandemic diseases such as COVID-19.
4.1 Holvik Family Health Center will:
5. Clinical Operation, Clinician/Staff/Student/Responsibilities.
1. Clinicians/Staff will:
2. During daily operations in dealing with possible COVID-19:
The policy applies to all staff, students, volunteers and contractors, within the clinic.
The Policy will be reviewed by Human Resources, as necessary.
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