Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar by transporting glucose out of your blood and into cells that need it for energy. Insulin also tells fat cells to store glucose when there’s more in your bloodstream than you need for energy.
If you don’t have enough insulin, or if you have plenty of insulin but it’s not working properly, blood sugar stays too high, and you have diabetes.
The three most common types of diabetes are:
In type 1 diabetes, your body can’t make insulin because insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are damaged. Type 1 often occurs in children, but it can develop at any age.
In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin produced doesn’t work properly. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults, but it can happen at any age.
This kind of diabetes develops during pregnancy. It usually goes away after the baby is born, but women who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes if you eliminate the top risk factors, including:
A diet high in carbohydrates
A sedentary lifestyle
Your risk of type 2 diabetes is greater if you have a family history of:
Polycystic ovary syndrome
When blood sugar stays high, the excess sugar damages blood vessels and nerves. As a result, you have greater chance of developing heart disease, kidney disease, skin infections from wounds that don’t heal, and nerve damage in your eyes and feet.
You can’t cure diabetes once it develops, but you can prevent health complications by keeping blood sugar at healthy levels.
Everyone with diabetes should follow a diet that avoids carbohydrates that boost blood sugar. The team at Holvik Family Health Center works with you to identify healthy carbohydrates and create a diet plan that effectively controls your blood sugar.
People with type 1 diabetes will always need to take insulin. If need medication for type 2 diabetes. Dr. Holvik may recommend insulin or other medications that work to keep your blood sugar normal in a safe range.
No matter what type of diabetes you have, the team at Holvik Family Health Center have the expertise to help you manage blood sugar. They’re dedicated to creating an individualized plan that works for you and keeps you healthy.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!